テスラ スーパー チャージャー。 【テスラ】超過料金に注意!スーパーチャージャーのモラルとマナー │ Emotionブログ

テスラ モデル3をスーパーチャージャーV3に繋いでみたら、12分以内で50%の充電完了!

テスラ スーパー チャージャー

スーパーチャージャーの超過料金に注意! テスラは充電が完了してもスーパーチャージャー 以降SC から車両を移動しない悪質オーナーを無くすべく、 「SCの超過料金制度」を導入しています。 この超過料金ですが、充電完了から5分を経過すると SCの状態 SCが半分以上利用している時 SCが満車の時 1分あたり 55円 110円 上記の超過料金が発生します。 この超過料金は制限無く加算されていき、あっという間に高額の請求となるので注意が必要です。 SCがガラガラで半分以上空いている状態なら超過料金は発生しません。 だからと言っても 充電が完了したら迅速に車両を移動するのがマナーとなります。 丸の内スーパーチャージャー(パレスホテル東京)と六本木スーパーチャージャー(グランドハイアット東京)は、この超過料金制度の対象外です。 また、デスティネーションチャージャーも対象外です。 SCのストールの多くは 「テスラ専用」もあり、これをうまく利用してSCのストールを駐車場代わりに利用する悪質オーナーもいます。 充電しないのにストールを占拠するのは大変迷惑な行為です。 充電したい方が充電できないばかりか、充電渋滞を招く可能性があります。 絶対にやってはいけません。 車両によってはドアのロックがかかっていても充電口の開くものがあります。 充電せず駐車している悪質オーナーがいたら充電プラグを挿してやりましょう!SCの利用料金or超過料金が発生するし、充電スタートの通知がオーナーのスマホに送信されオーナーが慌てて戻ってくるはずです。 ダメな場合は施設側に呼び出してもらい、車両の移動を促しましょう。 超過料金を発生させてしまった場合 うっかり超過料金を発生させてしまった場合は、テスラアカウントに登録しているクレジットカードより自動で引き落としされます。 もちろん引き落とし額の明細は通知されます。 もしクレジットカードを登録していない場合は引き落としができないので、テスラから「引き落とし不可」の通知や連絡が来ます。 この連絡を無視するとテスラ側が車両にロックをかけ、SCが利用できなくなります。 ご注意ください。 そもそもSC利用料金の引き落としは登録しているクレジットカードから自動引き落としなので、SC無料特典がある方は要注意です。 充電制限の延長 です。 SCの超過料金は充電完了の5分後から発生します。 SCを利用するほとんどの方がバッテリー保護意識から80~90%あたりで充電が止まるよう制限をかけています。 80%に充電制限して充電が完了した場合、5分後には超過料金が発生します。 「トイレや食事中ですぐクルマに戻れない!」• 「少し遠くにいるため車に戻るのに時間がかかる!」 こんな時はスマホのテスラアプリから充電制限の延長ができます。 延長すれば充電完了までの時間を稼ぐことができるので超過料金を免れることができます。 ですが超過料金は発生するようなときはSCが混雑している状態なので、 移動可能な充電量まで完了したら速やかに移動しましょう! SC利用のモラルとマナー SCはテスラオーナー全員の公共設備です。 自分も後の人も気持ちよく利用するために以下のことに注意しましょう。 SCを駐車場代わりに利用しない• 混雑時は充電が完了したら速やかに移動• 充電完了後はしっかり充電プラグを所定の位置に戻す• 充電プラグやコードを雑に扱わない• ゴミを放置しない• 他の人が充電中にプラグを抜いたり、充電をキャンセルするような行為をしない• 裏ワザの多用に注意! テスラアプリからリアルタイムのSC利用状況を見ることもできます。 混雑時は速めに充電を切り上げて次の方に譲る気持ちも大切です。 まとめ SCは充電が速くて大変便利です。 食事休憩を兼ねてSC充電するとほとんどの場合が食事休憩より速く充電が終わります。 いつでも移動できる心構えが大切です。 充電が速すぎて満足に休憩できないなんてことも。 笑 都心部などはSCの混雑も多いので、特に注意が必要です。 マナーの悪さでSNSに晒されないように。 私はしませんよ!• こんにちは!元EVアンチのEV乗り「トシ」です。 EVに乗る前は、バリバリ国産スポーツカーを乗り継いできましたが、ちょっとしたきっかけでEVに興味を持ち、EVが大好きになってしまいました。 youtube. 2019. 21 こんにちは!トシです。 2019年7月現在スーパーチャージャー 以降SC は全国各地に21か所設置されています。 東は岩手県盛岡市、西は福岡県糟屋郡と2[…]• 2019. 09 スポーツカーの大御所であるポルシェからEVの「タイカン」が発表されて、ニュルブルクリンクの走行映像も公開されました。 EVであるタイカンのニュル走行は[…]• 2019. 13 テスラが新しいステアリング機構について特許を出願しました! 今回はこの特許について詳しくご紹介します。 目次 1. 今までのステアリング機構2. つい[…].

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テスラ モデル3をスーパーチャージャーで充電すると料金はいくら? │ Emotionブログ

テスラ スーパー チャージャー

テスラモデルSのスーパーチャージャーの利用は永久に無料とのことでしたが、1月16日以降の予約分からは一部有料になるそうです。 それと最近、充電が完了して5分を過ぎてそのまま車をチャージャーに繋いでいると、1分で43円の料金が発生するらしいです。 一時間なら2500円位になり、高い駐車料金になります。 クレジットカードで引き落とされるか、後日請求書が送られてくるとのこと。 スーパーチャージャーで充電している間、お茶などに行って、充電完了後そのまま車を停めていることがよくありますが、充電待ちの車がある時は迷惑です。 これから急速にテスラが多くなると深刻な問題になるので、今のうちの対応策でしょう。 ただ、だからと言って車の中で充電完了を待つのも時間の無駄になる時もあります。 この場合、写真の様に、充電完了までの時間をスマホで適宜知る事が出来ます。 車から離れていても充電完了時刻が分かり、充電後の課金の心配はありません。 わたしの充電環境はテスラスーパチャージャーのみなんで、充電料金や充電後の課金は困りますが、無料対象車なんで本当に助かります。 乗り換えできません。 ちなみに、モデル3はスーパーチャージャー利用は有料らしいです。

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甲府にテスラスーパーチャージャーがオープン

テスラ スーパー チャージャー

"Tesla station" redirects here. For Nikola Tesla's Colorado Springs laboratory, see. A Tesla Supercharger is a 480-volt technology built by American vehicle manufacturer for their all-. The Tesla Supercharger network of fast-charging stations was introduced beginning in 2012. As of March 2020 , Tesla operates 16,103 Superchargers in 1,826 stations worldwide an average of 8. 8 chargers per station ; these include 908 stations in the U. Each Supercharger stall has a connector to supply at up to 250 kW via a connection to the 400-volt car battery pack. was the first car to be able to use the network, followed by the , , and. Some Tesla cars have free supercharging for life, some have 100-400 kWh per year, some have a single 100-400 kWh credit, and some have a monetary credit. If the car doesn't have any credit, you pay with a credit card on file for the electricity used but in some localities that is not allowed, so Tesla charges for the time spent charging. An idle fee may be charged depending on the percent occupancy of the Supercharger station for continuing to be plugged into the Supercharger after charging has been completed. has taken steps to focus use of the Superchargers on making longer journeys. In late 2017, Tesla disallowed commercial, , , and government usage of the public Supercharger network. Independent of the Superchargers, Tesla also has Tesla. As of September 2019 , Tesla has distributed 23,963 destination chargers to locations such as hotels, restaurants, and shopping centers worldwide. These chargers are slower typically 22kW than Superchargers, and are intended to charge cars over several hours. These chargers are typically free to Tesla drivers who are customers of the business at the location. When both pairs of Tesla Supercharger station stalls A and B occupied, they share the available power of up to 150 kW. However, the depicted Superchargers are the older generation, only capable of delivering 105 kW per car. Each Supercharger cabinet with twelve charger modules feeds two charging stalls max 150 kW per car , so if two cars are charging at the same time their charging rate may be reduced. Tesla logo at Supercharger station The original V1 and V2 Tesla supercharging stations charge with up to 150 kW of power distributed between two cars with a maximum of 150 kW per car, depending on version. The charging stations provide high-power direct-current DC charging power directly to the battery, bypassing the internal charging power supply. In September 2017, Tesla announced the availability of urban Superchargers. The urban Superchargers are more compact than the standard Supercharger stalls as they will be primarily deployed in urban areas such as mall parking lots and garages. Compared to the standard Superchargers, Urban Superchargers have a maximum power delivery of 72 kW. A few of the Tesla supercharging stations use solar panels to offset energy use and provide shade. Tesla plans to install additional solar power generation at Superchargers. As of March 2020, the network is exclusive to Model S, Model X, Model 3, and Model Y cars. The original Roadster is not equipped to charge from the Superchargers, but all other future Tesla cars will include the ability. Tesla makes V3 superchargers at. Tesla opened "V3" stations in 2019, providing up to 15 miles per minute depending on circumstances. A 1 MW charge box supplies 4 stalls at 250 kW each. In the European market, Tesla has been using the standardized IEC 62196 for Model S and Model X cars and Superchargers. This brings complete compatibility with the legislated charging standard for EU public charging. There will remain an incompatibility with imported US Tesla cars that all use a Tesla proprietary connector. As of 2017, Tesla is the only automobile manufacturer which offers DC charging based on the IEC 62196-2 specification. Other manufacturers use the IEC 62196-3 CCS charging standard. Tesla has indicated on multiple occasions that they were interested in having discussions with other auto manufacturers about sharing the Supercharger network, however no agreements have been completed or made public to date. In late 2019, on a busy Thanksgiving weekend in San Luis Obispo, California, Tesla deployed a mobile Supercharger set-up on a flatbed trailer, offering additional charging capacity powered by a Tesla energy storage system. Controversy [ ] In 2016, the ruled that it was accurate to state that Tesla Superchargers are the highest-power chargers available in the UK, turning down a complaint by. Although the Superchargers are technically capable of 150 kW, Tesla cars restricted the power to 120 kW, but boosted that to up to 150 kW for the Model 3 Long Range and the 100 kWh versions of Models S and X in 2019. Supercharging network [ ] Tesla Supercharger stations allow Tesla vehicles to be fast-charged at the network within roughly an hour, and are often located near restaurants with restrooms. The average number of Tesla cars per Supercharger stall was 34 in 2016. Tesla estimates that station equipment lasts 12 years. Most car charging occurs at home or work, a situation that Tesla has compared to cell phone charging. In the month of July 2019, Tesla delivered 72 GWh through Superchargers. Most Supercharger stations are owned by Tesla, but some are owned by to charge their Tesla cars, such as taxis. These charger stalls are limited to 60 kW. In December 2017, Tesla changed its terms of service so that any vehicles being used as taxis or for commercial, ride-share, or government purposes were effectively banned from using Superchargers. This ban only applies to vehicles bought after December 15, 2017. Other charging options would be provided for these vehicles. Fees for using Superchargers [ ] Unlimited supercharging for life is free for all Model S and Model X cars that were ordered before January 15, 2017, or between August 2, 2019, and May 26, 2020, or for vehicles that were purchased using a referral code during certain periods. Model S and Model X cars that were ordered between January 15, 2017 and November 2, 2018, received 400 kWh about 1,000 miles or 1,600 km of free Supercharging credits per year. Once those credits are used, supercharging will have a fee, but that fee is lower than filling up a gas-powered car. Between May 2017 and September 18, 2018, Tesla allowed existing Tesla owners to give free unlimited supercharging for life to up to five friends if the friend purchased a new Tesla and used their referral code. Tesla also offered all existing Tesla owners who purchase a new Model S, Model X or Performance Model 3 for themselves will receive free unlimited supercharging for life on those cars. From time to time, Tesla has offered 1,000 or 2,000 miles of free supercharging as an incentive to purchase a new Tesla car. Other than the above caveats, Tesla Model S and Model X cars purchased between November 2, 2018 and August 2, 2019, and all Model 3 and Model Y cars purchased at any time do not receive any supercharging credits. Fees for remaining connected after being fully charged [ ] Since December 16, 2016, any car that remains connected to a Supercharger after being fully charged may be fined. This fee is waived if the car is removed in five minutes. Any incurred fees must be paid by the time of the next service visit. Change over time [ ] Chart of Supercharger stations not stalls over time In October 2014, there were 119 standard Tesla Supercharger stations operating in the United States, 76 in Europe, and 26 in Asia. On 31 March 2016, Tesla CEO announced that the number of Supercharger stations would be doubled from 613 stations with 3,628 chargers by 2017. The number of Supercharger stations worldwide grew to 280 by the end of 2014; 584 by the end of 2015; and 1,045 by the end of 2017. By December 2014, two stations were solar powered. A solar-assisted Supercharger was opened in in 2017. As of April 2017 , Tesla had plans to expand the network to 15,000 stalls. As of March 2020 , Tesla operates 16,103 Superchargers in 1,826 stations worldwide; these include 908 stations in the U. North America [ ] using Mobile Charger 2. 0 2012 saw eight initial Supercharger stations around the , located at strategic points on the -to- and -to- highway corridors. By mid-July 2013, 15 stations were open across the United States, with the number expected to nearly double by the end of the summer. The stations were developed and mass constructed in cooperation with. Supercharging stations were available in Canada along the corridor between and by 2014. The initial network was built in high-traffic corridors across North America, followed by networks in Europe and Asia in the second half of 2013. The first Supercharger corridor in the US opened with free access in October 2012. This corridor included six stations placed along routes connecting San Francisco, , Los Angeles, and. A second corridor was opened in December 2012 along the , connecting Washington, DC, , , New York City and Boston. This corridor includes three stations in highway rest areas, one in and two adjacent ones in. At some stations, the electricity is paid by local business to attract customers. [ ] Eventually, all Supercharger stations are to be supplied by solar power. According to Musk, "... we expect all of the United States to be covered by the end of next year [2013]". He also said that early Tesla owners' use of the network would be free forever. As of December 2019 , North Dakota, , and are the remaining states without Superchargers. Supercharging stations are planned to be opened in 2020 in all three states. Most of the southern was covered at the end of 2019. On April 26, 2016, became the first charger to open in Poland. Tesla opened a 2-stall Supercharger at in 2019. There are a few privately operated Supercharger stations such as the one opened on April 27, 2016, in , Russia, with 3 stalls. The European Supercharger network is planned to allow a Model S to drive from the in Norway to or. As of July 2019 , the Supercharger closest to Istanbul is the one in , and the one nearest to Lisbon is. The map of current and planned sites includes every European Union country except and , and represents all of the countries in the world in the top 10 of. Asia-Pacific [ ] As of June 2015 , Hong Kong had the highest density of Tesla Superchargers in the world, with eight stations with a total of 54 Supercharger stalls, allowing most Model S owners to have a Supercharger within 20 minutes' drive. Other Superchargers can also be found in , , , , , , and. Tesla contracts to supply electricity for its Australian Superchargers. In 2016, Tesla also announced plans to deploy a nationwide network of Superchargers in. No deployments as of 2020. However, the company's plans changed and battery swapping is no longer a significant part of Tesla's charging infrastructure plans. By December 2014, 18 months after the announcement, no battery swapping stations had yet opened to the public. That same month, the company announced a revision to their much-delayed plans. A single battery-swap station would be opened in California as a pilot project, where only invited Model S owners could do battery swaps by appointment, to assess technical and economic aspects of the service. for the priced service—which was expected to take three minutes instead of the 90-second time demonstrated in 2013 —would be used to determine whether the company would fully commercialize battery swapping stations more generally. The original plan in the June 2013 company announcement explicitly indicated that the company would eventually upgrade all existing Tesla Supercharger stations to become Tesla stations, which would offer the battery-pack swap for the Model S in addition to the fast recharge capability that each facility initially opened with. By June 2015, the company had indicated that battery swapping capabilities was no longer a significant part of Tesla's plans for on-road energy replacement for their vehicles. History [ ] In June 2013, Tesla announced the goal to deploy a station in each of its existing supercharging stations, to be renamed Tesla stations. At an event at Tesla's design studio in Los Angeles, CEO demonstrated a battery swap operation with the Tesla Model S, which took just over 90 seconds each for the two cars participating in the demo. The swapping operation took less than half the time needed to refill a gasoline-powered car used for comparison purposes during the event. The Tesla Model S was designed from the beginning to support fast battery swapping, with Tesla publicly discussing the capability as early as March 2009. By December 2014, no battery-swapping stations had been opened to the public. On 19 December, Tesla announced revised plans. They would now build only a single battery-swapping station, and institute a "Battery Swap Pilot Program" at that selected station in , in order to "assess demand. " Only invited Model S owners would be able to participate in the pilot battery swaps. The company stated they would "evaluate relative demand from customers... to assess whether it merits the engineering resources and investment necessary" for the upgrade of additional first-generation Supercharger stations. In June 2015, Tesla announced that of 200 invitations sent out to try the pilot pack swap station, only approximately five tried it. Tesla then invited all California Model S owners to try it out, but expected a low usage rate. A survey showed that most users were not interested. Deployment [ ] Tesla Supercharger stations are also available at highway. The first Tesla Station with battery-swapping capability was planned to be piloted in late in 2013, but this was subsequently delayed. Elon Musk said at an event in February 2014 that a few battery swap stations will open in the next few months along the route between Los Angeles and San Francisco, and that the initial stations will be studied before deciding to build any more. Owners may pick up their own battery pack fully charged on the return trip for no extra payment. Tesla will also offer the option to keep the pack received on the swap and pay the price difference if the battery received is newer; or to receive the original pack back from Tesla for a transport fee. The billing will be handled via customer credit card on file with Tesla. Pricing had not been determined as of June 2013. Regulatory issues [ ] The staff considered modifying the ZEV regulation to exclude battery swapping as a "fast refueling" technology; this change would deny Tesla some of the ZEV credits that the manufacturer might otherwise receive when the battery-swapping station is placed in service in California. After criticism from several motoring manufacturers, this proposal was withdrawn. Tesla Megacharger [ ] Main article: Tesla announced a higher-capacity "Megacharger" along with the unveiling of a prototype for its , a , in November 2017. Trucks would use the Tesla Megacharger Network to charge. The solar-assisted Megacharger Network stations would charge the semi trucks with 400 miles 645 km of charge in 30 minutes, out of the total capacity of 500 miles 805 km in the battery pack. To accomplish this, it will likely have an output level of over one megawatt. See also [ ]• References [ ]• Tesla. 2019-01-28. Retrieved 2018-05-12. supercharge. info. 2020-03-18. from the original on 2016-10-05. Retrieved 2020-03-20. Field, Kyle 2019-07-01. Cleantechnica. Retrieved 2019-07-09. Lambert, Fred 2018-11-12. Retrieved 2020-03-31. Lambert, Fred 2018-11-12. Electrek. Retrieved 2020-03-31. www. tesla. com. 2016-12-16. Retrieved 2020-04-15. www. tesla. com. 2016-12-16. Retrieved 2020-03-31. www. tesla. com. Retrieved 2020-04-15. PDF. October 2019. www. tesla. com. Zap-Map. Retrieved 2020-04-15. Electrek. 2016-10-03. IHS Technology. 2015-02-06. IHS Technology. 2015-02-06. TeslaMotorsClub. 2015-07-01. diyelectriccar. com. 2016-07-01. Teslapedia. 2015-04-03. CleanTechnica. 2019-04-26. Retrieved 2019-04-27. Lambert, Fred 2019-08-29. Electrek. www. asa. org. Archived from on 2017-02-04. Gold, Aaron 2016-05-26. Retrieved 2017-03-06. each Supercharger port supplies two outlets, and when both outlets are in use the charging slows down. Cole, Jay 2017-09-11. Inside EVs. Retrieved 2019-07-28. Tesla Motors. 2012-09-24. Archived from on 2012-09-27. Retrieved 2017-08-03. Retrieved 2012-12-23. HybridCars. com. Retrieved 2012-12-23. Retrieved 2012-12-23. Hyatt, Kyle. Roadshow. Heisler, Yoni 2019-07-20. BGR. TESLARATI. 2015-06-05. Retrieved 2017-03-21. 2018-11-14. Retrieved 2018-11-22. DIN e. Retrieved 2017-03-21. Lambert, Fred Jun 19, 2017. Electrek. Retrieved 2017-10-13. Hruska, Joel June 11, 2014. Extremetech. Retrieved 2017-10-13. Lambert, Fred 2019-11-29. Electrek. Retrieved 2019-12-03. CleanTechnica. 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2019-12-03. Lambert, Fred 2016-08-17. Electrek. Retrieved 2016-08-17. Tesla Motors Club. Retrieved 2016-11-15. Etherington, Darrell 2013-07-26. TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved 2017-03-06. Keeney, Tasha 2016-07-11. ARK Investment Management. Retrieved 2017-03-06. E-mail correspondence with Jeff Evanson from Tesla in May of 2015• Tesla. 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2017-03-06. Tesla. 2014-11-18. from the original on 2017-01-14. Retrieved 2017-03-06. Kane, Mark 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2017-03-06. Lambert, Fred 2019-08-25. Electrek. Retrieved 2019-09-21. Lambert, Fred 2016-10-03. Electrek. Retrieved 2016-10-18. BGR. Retrieved 2017-12-19. Matousek, Mark 2017-12-18. Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-12-19. Lambert, Fred 2017-01-01. Electrek. Retrieved 2017-01-01. Capparella, Joey 2019-08-05. Car and Driver. Retrieved 2020-03-30. Lambert, Fred 2020-05-27. Electrek. Retrieved 2020-06-11. Liptak, Andrew 2017-05-21. The Verge. Retrieved 2017-06-02. www. tesla. com. 2015-01-06. Retrieved 2017-09-14. Tesla Motors. 2016-11-07. Retrieved 2016-11-07. Retrieved May 24, 2017. Lambert, Fred 2018-09-21. Electrek. Retrieved 2019-01-28. www. tesla. com. 2018-01-30. Retrieved 2020-03-30. Dow, Jameson 2019-09-10. Electrek. Retrieved 2020-03-30. Capparella, Joey 2019-08-05. Car and Driver. Retrieved 2020-03-30. www. tesla. com. Retrieved 2019-11-24. www. tesla. com. 2016-12-17. Retrieved 2016-12-28. Pachal, Pete 2016-04-01. Mashable. Archived from on 2016-04-06. Retrieved 2016-06-06. Jalopnik. Retrieved 2014-12-18. 2017-06-11. Retrieved 2017-08-03. Ohnsman, Alan. Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on 2012-11-24. Retrieved 2013-06-23. CS1 maint: unfit url• Witt, Daniel. "" page 13. Tesla, 2015. Tesla Motors. from the original on 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2017-08-29. 2016-11-18. from the original on 2016-12-25. Retrieved 2017-03-06. Sorensen, Chris 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2013-07-29. Lambert, Fred 2016-11-16. Electrek. Retrieved 2016-11-16. Motavalli, Jim 2012-11-13. from the original on 2013-04-05. Retrieved 2012-12-23. Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2020-04-02. Dow, Jameson 2019-12-21. www. lokalavisen. Retrieved 2015-02-05. Retrieved 2016-04-28. Bruce, Chris 2019-09-18. Motor1. com. Lambert, Fred 2019-09-18. Retrieved 2016-04-28. Tesla Motors. from the original on 2016-07-30. Retrieved 2017-08-29. Zen Soo 2015-07-02. Retrieved 2015-11-28. Johnny B Tech. 2017-10-23. Archived from on 2017-11-07. Retrieved 2017-10-23. Vorrath, Sophie 2020-01-22. RenewEconomy. NDTV auto. India. 2016-04-04. Retrieved 2016-05-09. Bhushan, Kul 2016-04-01. BGR. India. Retrieved 2016-05-09. Schulz, Bailey 2019-07-23. Valle, Marius 13 March 2020. in Norwegian. Trinkwon, Wil 2019-12-20. www. autocar. TESLARATI. 21 November 2017. www. teslarati. com. 2017-11-15. Retrieved 2018-03-28. electrive. com. 12 May 2019. www. lejsl. com in French. Retrieved 2018-09-18. Fast Pack Swap Event video. Extreme Tech. Event occurs at 00:13—00:54. When you come to the Tesla Station—it shouldn't really be called a "Supercharging Station," it should just be called a "Tesla Station". The only decision you need to make, when you come to one of our Tesla Stations, is do you prefer faster or free? Siler, Steve 2013-06-21. Yahoo Autos. Retrieved 2013-06-23. Silicon Valley Mercury News. Retrieved 2013-06-23. Engadget. Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2014-12-20. Popular Mechanics. 2015-06-10. Retrieved 2015-06-24. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 2013-06-21. Retrieved 2013-06-22. Anthony, Sebastian 2013-06-21. www. extremetech. com. from the original on 2017-08-19. Sebastian Blanco 2009-09-27. Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2013-06-22. Zhang, Benjamin 2015-06-27. Business Insider. Retrieved 2016-08-08. Fehrenbacher, Katie 2013-08-07. Gigaom. Retrieved 2013-08-08. Alan Ohnsman and Mark Chediak 2014-02-28. Financial Post. Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2014-03-19. PDF. CEPA - Air Resources Board - ZEV 2013. Retrieved 2014-12-26. Brett Williams 2017-11-17. Mashable. Teslarati. November 12, 2017. Retrieved 2018-01-14. CleanTechnica. 2017-11-17. Retrieved 2017-11-17. InsideEVs. 2017-11-20. Retrieved 2017-11-20. External links [ ]• Media related to at Wikimedia Commons•

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